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How to create and use a password reset disk for a computer in a domain in Windows XP

What is a Password Recovery Disk?

To protect user accounts at time when user forgets his login password every local user should make a password reset disk and keep it in somewhere safe. After creating a password reset disk, if the user forgets his or her password it can be reset using the password reset disk and the user would be able to access the local user account again. The “Forgotten Password” Wizard helps you in creating a password reset disk which you can use to recover your user account and personalized computer settings. But what if the computer was connected to a domain and the user forgets the password?
The steps given below in this article will help you create and use a password reset disk for a computer that is a member of a domain. You can use a password reset disk to gain access to your Microsoft Windows XP Professional-based computer if you don’t remember your password.

Creating the Password Recovery Disk
Before you could use a password recovery disk you need to create it. To create the disk first press CTRL+ALT+DELETE for opening the Windows Security dialog box and then click on Change Password, and The Change Password dialog box will show up. In the  “Log on to” box click on the local computer and then click on Backup. This will start the Forgotten Password Wizard. On the first screen of this wizard click next and insert a blank and formatted floppy disk in the floppy drive and then click on Next. Type your password in the Current user account password box and on clicking next the disk will be created.

Using the Password Recovery disk
For logging on to your local user account on the computer which is also a member of any domain, first press CTRL+ALT+DELETE for “Log On To” window to show up and then type any incorrect password. This will give you an option to use the password recovery disk. Put the password recovery disk in the floppy drive and click on next. Now type and confirm the new password when prompted. Click on next to finish the wizard and this way you would be able to login to your local account on a computer which is connected to a domain. Once this is done you can create another password recovery disk for saving your new password in case of future failures. Steps for creating the disk will remain the same as given above.

Password Recovery disks are really helpful in case of forgetting the password but their are several disadvantages. The password recovery disk can only be used on the computer on which it was created and not on any other computer even if you use same password everywhere. The disk can only restore passwords for local user accounts and not the ones which are created and managed by a domain controller. This disk can only be used for resetting the password and cannot tell what your previous password was. Also make sure that this kept at some safe place otherwise somebody can easily use it to reset your password and access the information on your computer.

How to Enable File sharing with ‘Share With’ Menu

Windows7 provides an easy way to share separate files or folders among people on your network or others. You can even share whole libraries in Windows7. This new operating system presents ‘Share with’ menu. This menu makes the whole thing of sharing graceful by offering an immediate service. On this menu, options will appear with respect to the type of file that is getting shared and network of computers like workgroup, domain or homegroup. Sharing of files on workgroup, homegroup and domain is different. However, ‘Share with’ menu remains common in all types.

Sharing of files on Homegroup

If you are working with homegroup, it’s very easy to share files by using ‘Share with’ menu. You have to carry out some simple steps in order to share documents on homegroup.

  1. To begin with, you will see ‘Share with’ menu just with right-click on file that is being shared. On clicking, list of options including ‘Share with’ will appear with dropdown list.
  2. In this dropdown list, following options are displayed.
  3. First option is ‘Nobody’. With this option you can stop sharing that particular file. In other words, you can keep it private.
  4. Second option is ‘Homegroup (Read)’ which allow you to share that particular file with all people from homegroup. However, recipients can only read this file; they can neither alter that file nor delete it.
  5. Next option is ‘Homegroup (Read/Write)’ which is reminiscent of first one with only one exception. In such sharing, recipients are permitted to do anything with that file. He can not only read file but also modify it or delete it.
  6. Last one is ‘Specific people’ which starts File sharing wizard that permits sharing of that file with specified people only.
  7. But what if this ‘Share with’ menu doesn’t appear? This happens on selection of file that is not in your personal folder. While sharing any item of Windows7 Public folders, one additional option ‘Advanced sharing settings’ along with above options is offered. By making use of this option, you can turn on Public folder sharing.

Sharing of files on Domain or Workgroup

When you are sharing files on workgroup or domain, process changes slightly. By following steps that are given below, you can share files on domain or workgroup.

  1. First step is same as that of homegroup. You will get ‘Share with’ menu with right-click on file to be shared. However, here you will see only one option ‘Specific people’ that opens File Sharing Wizard on clicking.
  2. As File Sharing Wizard starts you must perform following steps according to type of network in use.
  3. If you are working with domain you will see text box along with arrow. Click on this arrow and then ‘Find people’. Doing so, you will get ‘Select Users or Groups’ in which you have to type name of person to share with. After this click on ‘Check Names’ and ‘Ok’.
  4. In case of workgroup, when you click on arrow it will provide list of names. Select names of people with whom you want to share files and ‘Add’ them.
  5. Choose ‘Read’ or ‘Read/Write’ in ‘Permission Level’ column. As explained above, with Read you can allow receiver only to open file. Read/Write permits receivers all actions like read, modify and delete.
  6. After adding people, you must click on ‘Share’. It is necessary to provide administrator password or confirmation if it is asked.
  7. You will get confirmation on successful sharing.
  8. Next step will be to tell those people about accessing that file. You can send link for your file by e-mail or other programs.
  9. Finally, click ‘Done’ to finish process.

Accessing shared documents on Homegroup

  1. Go to Windows Explorer by clicking ‘Start’ and then respective user name.
  2. In window, on left you will see ‘Homegroup’, under which you have to select respective user account to access files.
  3. Finally, you can access library with double-click. After this, you must double-click on required file or item.

Sharing with Public Folders

Public folders like Public videos, Public Documents share each and every file or folder that is copied into it. Sharing is done among all people of homegroup. If Public folder sharing is turned on, everyone can access these folders. However, it is turned off by default. So, only user from local administrators can access them. To turn it on you must follow these steps.

  1. First go to ‘Control Panel’ and then ‘Network and Sharing Center’. In this click on ‘Change advanced sharing settings’ that is located on left.
  2. In ‘Public folder sharing’, select option in order to turn on/off the Public folders sharing.
  3. Lastly, click on ‘Save changes’ to fix these settings. Provide administrator password or confirmation if needed.
  4. In same manner you can turn on/off password-protected sharing. Password-protected sharing is all about sharing public folders which are protected with password by administrator.

Sharing using Advanced Sharing

Under this section, you can share information or data, which is not allowed to share directly like drives. By using Advanced Sharing it can be done. For this, you must follow procedure.

  1. At first, select ‘Share with’ by right-clicking on drive that is being shared. Then click on ‘Advanced Sharing’. You must enter administrator password if it is required.
  2. Next is to click ‘Share this folder’. In order to modify permissions, click on ‘Permissions’.
  3. Use options ‘Add’ or ‘Remove’ to select users for sharing.
  4. Finally, click ‘Ok’ if you are finished with permission and checking of users or group.

On the whole, with Windows7, sharing is just a cup of tea for everyone.

How to Create of Multiple User Accounts

One of the reasons for the popularity of Windows is unique features that are provided by all versions of Windows. Windows provides an exciting feature that allows many users to use a single computer. By creating separate accounts, users can access computer without interfering or affecting data saved by one another. Each account, created by user, will have unique preferences and settings as per the choice of that user. Access to programs and files is controlled by user account and it will also put a ceiling on changes made by user. In order to create an account, you must carry out few steps that will lead to a standard account.

To begin with, you must know if computer is on a workgroup or domain. You can make out it just by clicking on ‘Start’ button, followed by right-click on ‘Computer’. This will give you a list of options including ‘Properties’. On selecting ‘Properties’, one window will open giving information about settings and workgroup of computer. Procedure of creating user account will be different for computers working on a domain and workgroup.

If your computer is working on a domain, local user accounts can be created. In case of local user accounts, people can have access to computer but it restricts access to the domain. System administrator exclusively has rights to create domain user accounts. First, click on ‘Start’ and look for ‘Microsoft Management Console’ by typing ‘mmc’ into search box. You must enter administrator password or provide confirmation if it is necessary. In this window, you will see ‘Local Users and Groups’ on the left. Select this option and click on folder named as ‘Users’. Then click on ‘Action’ and ‘New User’ tab under it.

If you don’t find any option such as ‘Local Users and Groups’, you might have to install it. For this, click on ‘File’ menu in Microsoft Management Console and select ‘Add/Remove Snap-in’. After that, just click on ‘Local Users and Groups’ and ‘Add’ it. Then select ‘Local Computer’ and ‘Finish’ to complete installation. Procedure that is explained earlier can be carried out. Finally, you just have to fill information which is mandatory. You must make sure that all fields contain appropriate information. After you are finished with all fields, click on option ‘Create’ and your account will be created successfully. Close the window when you are done.

For computers working on workgroup there is different procedure to create user accounts. This process is quiet easier than one explained above. In this computer, you have to click on ‘Start’ button and go to the ‘Control Panel’. You will see a separate window showing various options including ‘User Accounts and Family Safety’. You have to click on ‘User Accounts and Family Safety’ and ‘User Accounts’ under it. Next step will be ‘Manage another account’. While doing so, if you are asked for confirmation or administrator password, you must provide it; otherwise you cannot proceed further. Then you just have to click ‘Create a new Account’. You must enter the type of account with name of your choice. Finally, click on ‘Create Account’ and you are done. Account will be created successfully and you will receive a notification of it. Windows provides a wonderful way to share a single computer among many users.

How to restore deleted user accounts and their group memberships in Active Directory

In order to restore the deleted computer accounts, user accounts and the security groups, there are three methods that can be followed. These objects are collectively called as the security principals. However, when restoring these deleted objects, it is essential that you restore the previous values of the “memberOf” and member attributes into the infected security principal.

  • Method1: Restoring the accounts and adding them back to their groups.
  • Method 2: Restoring the deleted user accounts and then adding them back into their respective groups using Ntdsutil.exe command line tool.
  • Method 3: Restoring these accounts along with the deleted security groups twice, using the help of the authority.

Usually, restoring certain deleted objects can be a really tiring job, especially the security principals which are the back links of certain attributes of a few other objects. ManagedBy and memberOf are the two attributes. When you add such security principals to a particular security group, you actually make changes in the Active Directory. Restoring such data from this active directory is a bit complex. So, let’s have a look at method 1 for restoring the deleted security principals.

Restoring the accounts and adding them back to their groups

  1. Check out if any global catalog within the user’s domain has not got replicated during the deletion. Stop the catalog from being replicated. In case the latent global catalog is absent, then try locating the latest system backup for the global catalog domain controller within the eliminated user’s home domain.
  2. Auth restore the eliminated user accounts to permit the end-to-end replication of the particular user accounts.
  3. Now add all the information about the restored users to the groups in the particular domains in which the users were members before being deleted.

In order to closely follow the method 2, perform the procedure mentioned here:

  1. Check into the deleted user’s home domain for any global catalog domain controller which has not replicated any deleted part. * Focus on the catalogs that have a more frequent replication format. If there are more than one such catalog, then use the Repadmin.exe command-line tool for disabling the inbound replications using the below mentioned steps:

a)      Click on Start and then on Run

b)      In the Open box, type cmd and then click on OK.

c)      In the command prompt, type the given command and click Enter:

repadmin /options <recovery dc name> +DISABLE_INBOUND_REPL

  1. The domain controller will hence be referred onto the recovery domain controller. Here, if there doesn’t exist such kind of global catalog, them directly go to step 2. Else, follow below.
  2. Take the decision for whether the deletions, additions or any other changes to the user accounts, security groups or computer accounts should be stopped temporarily until the recovery procedures are completed.

In order to maintain the recovery path, stop making all kinds of changes to the given items, temporarily. The changes include the password resets made by domain users, administrators in the domain wherein the particular deletion had occurred, help desk administrators, group membership alterations that are made in the user’s groups. Temporarily halt the additions, modification, deletions for the given items:

User accounts and the attributes onto the user accounts

a)      Service accounts

b)      Computer accounts along with the attributes on the computer accounts.

c)      Security groups

The best method is to completely stop making any kind of changes in the security groups, especially if all the statements hold true.

  • You are currently using the method for auth restoring the deleted users and computer accounts using the domain name (dn) path.
  • Except the concealed recovery domain controller, if the deletion has caused a replication to all the other domain controllers as well.
  • You aren’t an auth restoring security group or a part of their parent containers.
  1. Make an entirely new system backup within the domain where the particular deletion had occurred. You can always use the particular backup in order to roll back the changes.

In case if you have identified a recovery domain controller in the very step 1, take a backup for the system now.

  1. Well, if you are not able to find out the concealed global catalog controller within the domain where the deletion had occurred, then find the recent system backup for the catalog controller in the particular domain. Use the domain controller as the recovery domain controller.
  2. In the Dsrepair mode, start the given recovery domain controller if you are aware of the passwords for the administrator account. Reset the password, if you are not aware of it.
  3. During the startup procedure, click on F8 to initiate the particular recovery domain controller. Login with the administrator account using your password.
  4. Auth restoring all the deleted computer accounts, user accounts, security groups. This is performed with the help of the Ntdsutil command-line tool. Refer the domain name (dn) path for the deleted users or their containers which used to host the deleted users.
  5. If all the deleted objects are recovered using the system state restore then simply disjoint all the cables providing you connectivity.
  6. In the Active Directory mode, restart your recovery domain controller.
  7. In the recovery domain controller, type the given command for disabling the internal replication.

repadmin /options <recovery dc name> +DISABLE_INBOUND_REPL

  1. Now simply outbound-relpicate the auth-restored items into the domain controllers fro the recovery domain controller.
  2. Here, determine all the security groups in which the deleted users were basically a member of. Add them back to the groups.
  3. Disable the outbound replication using the command below and then click Enter:

repadmin /options +DISABLE_OUTBOUND_REPL

  1. Verify the membership in the specific recovery domain controller domains, global catalogs of other domains, etc.
  2. Create a new backup for the system in the recovery domain controller’s domain.
  3. Finally, notify all administrators about the restoration.

How to Create a Website

A website is one of the most important needs these days for any business to be conducted on line. Every organization likes to have a presence on the Internet because the future of the world seems to be the Internet. There are many other reasons for companies and individuals to want to create and also own a website.

There are various steps that are involved in the creation of a website and they are listed in this article.

The Initial Idea

The initial idea is very important because the need for the website and the kind of website that is needed is reflected in your thoughts. These ideas become reality and so the initial idea needs to be built on to create a good website.

The Clients

If you are focusing your website on a particular group of people, then you should make sure that you know the needs of all your clients and satisfy them. This will help more visitors to flock to your site and make it successful.


Before you embark on your mission to create a website, you should make sure that you have completed the groundwork in terms of research regarding the website. If you do a keyword research, then you will be able to fathom the need for such a site.


The next most important aspect of planning for the website is the resources that you are ready to allocate to the creation of the website. You should be able to allocate a certain amount of time and also a particular amount of money for the creation, hosting and other needs of the site. The extent or size of your site will directly depend on these factors.


The creation of a domain name and the purchase of the domain name are important as they have a direct effect on the search engine optimization of your site. Make the right purchase to get the best results.


Once you have purchased the domain name, the next step that is involved is to decide on the hosting plan that you would like to have for your website. You can start your hosting with either a dedicated host or a shared hosting service. Each of it has its own advantages and disadvantages. So you have to decide on the hosting plan depending on how much of storage you will need for your site.

Development of the website

If you would like to develop the site, then you can try to do it by your own effort, but you need to have some basic knowledge about programming. There are different kinds of sites that are present and they include WordPress, AJAX, CSS and other kinds. If you do not know the programming, then you can use a professional to get your site live.


The final step in building the site is to make the site to be search engine optimized. This will serve the purpose of the website by increasing the traffic to your site. If you do not have Search Engine Optimization, then you will not have visitors in your site and the site will not serve its purpose, especially if it is an e-commerce site.

Call Now: +1 833-522-1003
Call Now: +1 833-522-1003
Call Now: +1 833-522-1003