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How to View and Manage Event Logs in Event Viewer in Windows XP

Event Log Service is responsible for saving all the logs for events which occur in the background while you work on your computer. An event is any action taken or handled by the application of operating system and is crucial enough to be notified to the user. Logs are recorded for applications, security and system event. Other hardware, software or system components can also be added to the list so that even their logs are maintained by the Event Log Service. All these logs once captured can be viewed in the Event Viewer which comes with the Operating System. Event Viewer can be opened by going to Start then Run and executing EvntVwr command in the Run box. In the Event Viewer windows you will see the following types of logs. (1)Application Log – any kind of error or notification handled by the application, (2) Security Log – A log of all the security related actions like login, logout etc, and (3) System Log – Events occurring in the System components like a driver failure etc.

We have mentioned above how to open the Event Viewer but what is next? How to understand the information given in the Event Viewer? Each entry in the Event viewer has following headers attached to it: the date of the event, time, user, computer, event id, source, type, and category. In Windows the Event Types are categorised into 5 categories. These are Information (events of successful operation), Warning (not very significant but can invoke future problems), Error (Significant problem which requires attention), Success Audit (Successful operation of any security event), Failure Audit (Failed operation of any Security event).

All the headers given above like date, time, and user, can be used as filters for finding any specific event. The best way is to remember approximate time and the application on which you were working when an error occurred. This way you can simple go to the events of that time range and check what exactly went wrong and what was the reason of that error. Once you locate the event you were looking for just double click on it to open it. when you open the event you can see the error message, its description, and possible solution to the problem. Event viewer is really a very power tool for troubleshooting problems when some applications is crashing or behaving improperly without throwing any error message. T at times is very frustrating when you do not know what the reason of the error was, or what the error is. Event viewer if used smartly can help you resolve almost all the problems on your computer, provided the Event Log service was running.

Status of the Event Log service can be checked by going to Start then Run and executing the Services.Msc command. This command will open a window which has list of all services available on your computer. Scroll to the Event Log service and double click o it. Make sure that the service start up type is set to Automatic and also start the service if it is not. By putting the Service to Automatic it will start itself when the computer starts and will capture all the events occurring in the background.

There are hundreds of events occurring when you work on your computer and logging each of them requires space on your hard drive. We can set a maximum log size for each category of event manually and we can also set the action to be taken when the log size reached its limit. Log size can be set by Right Clicking on the Category (like Application) and selecting Log Size. There you would find box for entering the maximum size of log files.

How to Run Diagnostic Tools On Safe Mode

Safe mode is an excellent feature that helps you diagnose your computer using many different diagnostic tools available with the Operating system. You can troubleshoot different problems as well as you can restore your computer to a working condition once it stops working. The diagnostic tools along with their uses are summarized to help you diagnose your computer and get it working as normal.

System Recovery

System recovery is one of the diagnostic tool that helps you a great deal if your computer was working perfect previously. You can avail the option of restoring your computer to a previous state with respect to time. For an instance, you can restore your computer to the same state as a week back in case everything was working fine then. You can search for Recovery in the search box within the Control Panel of your computer.

Device Manager

Device Manager holds all the information about all the hardware that you have installed on your system. This utility helps you manage your devices and the drivers associated with them. This is another of the diagnostic tools that you can use while in the Safe Mode of your computer. Search for Device Manager in the Control Panel and you would have the link. Use the device manager to update your computer’s hardware and their drivers making sure that none of the drivers is having an issue with the computer’s performance.

Event Viewer

Another diagnostic tool that is quite helpful in the computer diagnosis is the Event Viewer. You can easily find link to the Event Viewer within the Control Panel. Write event viewer in the search box in the Control Panel and you would be given the short cut to Event Viewer. Event Viewer is a log of all the processes that are taking place on your computer therefore giving you with each and every detail that would help you diagnose the problem with your computer. This utility shows you the errors and their reasons as well.

System Information

System Information can sometimes help you diagnose your computer. You can find a link to System Information in the search box in the start menu. Open the system information and see if your computer’s hardware is configured properly and there seems to be no error in them.

Command prompt

You gain complete access to the Command Prompt of your computer. You can certainly make every possible change that is possible through the command prompt. Any command line tool that can possibly help you solve the computer issue can be easily dealt with using Command Prompt. For those who know the computer well, this is something that can help them solve any problem within their machine.

Registry Editor

Safe Mode also allows you to access registry and make all the possible edits that you need to do in order to make your computer work good. Anyone who knows the registry can certainly get rid of literally all the possible issues that might rise in your computer. You can gain access to the registry editor by typing regedit in the search box of your Start menu.

All these diagnostic tools help users to fix their computer issues very easily.

How to View and Manage Event Logs in Event Viewer for Windows XP

Event Viewer and manager

An event is any important occurrence in the system or in a program that demands users’ attention. It acts as a notification alert. The Event Log Service records application, security, and system events in Event Viewer. Due to the presence of the event logs in Event Viewer, information about hardware, software, and system components can be obtained and security events can be monitored on a local or remote computer.

The procedure to View Event Logs

There are few steps which have to be followed in order to view event logs. Firstly, Click start and then click Control Panel. Next, one has to click on Performance and Maintenance, then click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Computer Management. Or, open the MMC containing the Event Viewer snap-in. In the console tree, click Event Viewer. The Application, Security, and System logs are displayed in the Event Viewer window.

The procedure to View Event Details

In order to view event details, one has to click Start after that click Control Panel. Click Performance and Maintenance, then click Administrative Tools, and then double-click Computer Management. Or, open the MMC containing the Event Viewer snap-in. Next step is to expand Event Viewer in the console tree and then click the log that has the event that you wish to view. In the details pane, you must double-click the event that you wish to view. You will see the Event Properties dialog box that contains header information and a description of the event. In order to copy the details and description of the event, you must click the Copy button. This leads to the opening up of a new document in the program in which you wish to paste the event. Thereafter, you must click Paste on the Edit menu.

The procedure to interpret the details of an Event

Every Event Header has the following details about the event: It contains the Date when the event occurred. It contains the Time when the event occurred.

It also has the username of that user who was logged on when the event happened. It contains the name of the computer on which the event occurred. It also has the Event ID, a unique event number which identifies the event category. The Event ID is used to help comprehend what occurred in the system. The Event Header also has information about the source of the event such as the name of a program, a system component, etc. Then, it contains details about the type of event. The type is usually of five kinds: Error, Warning, Information, Success Audit, or Failure Audit. Lastly, it also has categorization of the event by the event source. This information is mostly used for the security log.

The Procedure to Find Events in a Log

The default outlook of event logs is to enlist all the entries that it comes across. To locate a particular event, or see a subset of events, you have the option to either search the log, or you can also apply a filter to the log data.

The Process of Searching for a Particular Log Event

In order to
search for a particular log event, you must follow the following steps: First, you must click Start. Thereafter you must click Control Panel. After that please click Performance and Maintenance, then you must click Administrative Tools. Thereafter you must double-click Computer Management. Else you may open the MMC that contains the Event Viewer snap-in.

Then in the console tree, you must expand Event Viewer, thereafter you must click the log that has the event that you wish to view. Then on the View menu, you must click Find. Then you must specify the options for the event that you wish to view in the Find dialog box. Thereafter you must click Find Next. You will see that the event that matches your search specification gets highlighted in the details pane. After this you should click Find Next to find the next incidence of an event as defined by your search specification.

The Procedure to Manage Log Contents

As a default, the preliminary maximum of size of a log is set to 512 KB. When this size is achieved, then new events overwrite previous and older events as and when needed. Then according to your requirements, you can alter or modify these settings, else you may clear a log of its contents.

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