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How to Find Files and Folders after Upgrading From Windows XP or Windows Vista?

The question seems interesting to many of the people because most of us seem to have lost all the files and folders once a system upgrade takes place. You might gain an access of all the files and folders that have been in your system previously. In case you have upgraded your system from a previous version of Windows 7, you would still have almost all the files and folders but this depends on the way you have upgraded your Windows.

Location of files

If you have upgraded your copy of Windows Vista into Windows 7, you won’t have much trouble looking for your file because the directory structure of both these operating systems is much the same. The general locations would have all the files and folders from the older operating system and you can access them easily.

If you have upgraded from either of the Windows XP or Vista through the custom setup but you didn’t reformat your hard drive or the partition where you had your operating system installed, your files and folders would be stored in a folder called Windows.old that you can access very easily.

There is another instance as well where you upgrade from Windows XP or even Vista but you use custom installation and reformat your hard disk or the primary partition of your hard disk drive. In such a case there seems to be no normal recover as reformatting drives or even partitions make you lose all your data and everything stored on them would be deleted.

Retrieval of Files and Folders

In a situation where you have upgraded from Windows XP or Windows Vista using the custom installation and have not reformatted your hard disk or the primary partition of your hard disk, you files and folders would be available in the Windows.old folder referred above. You can use the following instructions to retrieve all of them into the new directory structure.

  • Click Start, then Computer
  • Go to the Primary partition of your hard disk drive where you might have installed your Windows. (C: drive usually)
  • Go to the Windows.old folder.
  • Go to Users folder.
  • Go to the folder of your user.
  • Open all the folders that have all the essential files of your use and copy them.
  • Paste them in the same folder in the Windows 7 directory structure.
  • Repeat 4-7 for all the users that exist on your computer.

The best way to secure your data and save it for further use is to take a back up of all the important files and folders before installing or even upgrading your Windows. This would give you your data whenever you would need that and the best part is that you won’t even have any issues finding them. You should do the same to all the encrypted files on your system for there are subtle chances that you would lose the files on the upgrade because of different OS.

The Windows.old folder has got no serious role once you have recovered all the files and folders so you can certainly delete that to free up some space once you are done with the retrieval of files.

How to Install and Remove Hard Disk Drive

The most common upgrade that everyone undergoes is an upgrading of storage space. This is because storage space is the first thing that you run out of in the world of computers today. This is perhaps the biggest rational update in terms of the original one used while your computer was made. The reason to this is because storage spaces have been enhanced and the denominations are multiple times compared to the ones year or two back. There are two types of hard disks available in the market that is doing this job for you. These hard disks are explained in the article below.

External Hard disk drives

This is by far the simplest way to deal with storage space. You can plug in an external unit in order to make the simplest upgrade of space in your system. The external hard disk drive is a simple storage space that you cannot use as your primary disk where you can install your operating system. These volumes can be used for the purpose of storing program files and other files that need plenty of space.

These volumes are a great help to those who have to carry their stuff with them all the time. You can add as much of your photos and videos in it depend on the size denomination that would give you plenty of space in any way. Music, videos and photos are the type of stuff that needs plenty of storage space and the standard hard disk drives run short of space due to the same reasons.

The handling is as simple as anything. All you need to do is to plug in your external hard disk to one or two of the USB ports available on the back of your computer. Almost all of the hard disks available in the market today are having inbuilt power management as well. The USB cable carries ample current to run them in proper manner. In case your hard disk has an external power management system, connect it to the power supply before you can use it.

Internal Hard Disk Drives:

Handling internal hard disk is technical compared to the external version. The first step that you must follow is to disconnect your computer from the power supply. This ensures that you don’t get an electric shock while playing around with the computer CPU. There might be two ways to enhance the storage space. One is to add a hard disk of larger denomination replacing the previous one while the other might be adding a new one with your existing hard disk still there. Follow the following steps in order to add an internal hard disk:

  • Remove the cover of your system that might be fixed using clamps or screws.
  • In case you are replacing your previous hard disk, disconnect the power cord and data cable from the hard disk and release the screws setting the hard disk on the bay. In case you are installing another one, place that on the empty bay and screw the hard disk to make sure that shock does not displace it.
  • Once fixed, connect the hard disk with the power cord at the first place.
  • Connect the hard disk with the type of cable that fixes in the slot. Technically, there is a choice between IDE cable and SATA cable. Connect it accordingly.
  • Place the cover back and connect your computer with the power supply.

You can move into the computer management tools to make partitions in the hard disk and manage space that you can use for storage. Most internal hard disk drives need to be formatted before use. You can perform the format by right clicking on the new volume and format it using the format selection.

How to Use the Fdisk Tool and the Format Tool

Before starting to upload or installing the operating system, your hard disk requires partitioning and formatting. For doing the same, you can make use of the Fdisk Tool and the Format Tool.

File Allocation Table (FAT)

File Allocation Table or FAT is a file system that helps accept, store and retrieve data on a hard disk. Almost all versions of Windows accept two types of FAT namely, FAT16 and FAT32 file systems. During times when you are running Fdisk for hard disks greater than 512 MB, you will be asked by the computer to choose between the two types of file systems.

– FAT16 – Within this file system, each drive or allocated space gets a maximum of 2GB of storage allocated to it.

– FAT32 – Within this file system, drives of sizes up to 2 TB or terabytes are supported. This file system is better to use as it uses smaller spaces for storing files than FAT16, hence saving a lot of free space.

How to partition and format hard disk?

Part A – Using Fdisk Tool for creating partitions within the hard disk.

Insert the start-up or boot disk in the floppy drive and restart your computer. Go to ‘Start’ and press ‘Run’. When prompted, type ‘fdisk’ in the text box and press ‘Enter’.

Now if your hard disk is of sizes larger than 512 MB, you will be prompted with a message saying that since your disk is larger than 512 MB, the computer can allot it in a way that will result in better space usage and making of a single large drive. If you do want to allocate the entire space to a single drive or use the FAT32 file system, press ‘Y’ and then press ‘Enter’. However, if you want to stick to FAT16 file system, simply type ‘N’ and then press ‘Enter’.

As you press ‘Enter’, fdisk options will appear in front of you. The first option will be ‘Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive’, second ‘Set active partition’, third will be ‘Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive’, fourth ‘Display partition information’ and lastly, ‘Change current fixed disk drive’. The last option is only given in cases where you have two physical hard disks in your computer.

In order to create a partition, press ‘1’ and then click ‘Enter’. You will now receive a new message saying “Do you wish to use the maximum available size for primary DOS partition?” Depending on the file system you opted for in the previous steps, follow the steps mentioned below.

For FAT32 File System (if you had chosen this file system in step 2)

If you want all of the space available to be assigned to C drive, type ‘Y’ and press ‘Enter’. Now press ESC twice to quit the Fdisk tool. This will return you to the command prompt.

For FAT16 File System (if you had chosen this file system in step 2)

If you want to customize the partition size, press ‘N’ and then press ‘Enter’. A new dialogue box opens up in front of you prompting you to type in the size you want to allocate for the primary partition. Type the size and then press ‘Enter’. Press ESC and return to the Options menu. To assign names to the extra space on the hard disk, press ‘1’ and then ‘Enter’. To Create Extended DOS Partition, press ‘2’ and then ‘Enter’. A dialogue box will open explaining the total available extra space for allocation to the extended drive. You can either use the entire space available or allocate a percentage of it. Simply type the amount you want to allocate and press ‘Enter’. Now press ESC. This will take you back to the ‘Create Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition’ menu. Here you can allocate the remaining hard disk storage space to another drive. Simply type in the amount and press ‘Enter’.

Now you will be able to see table that will display the drives you created and the amount of space you allocated to them. In order to choose the drive which you will use to boot the computer, select the option ‘2’ and press ‘Enter’. You will receive a message saying “Enter the number of the partition you want to make active”. Press ‘1’ and then ‘Enter’ on getting the message. Press ESC twice now to quit from the Fdisk tool and return to the command prompt.

Part B – Formatting the Disk

Once the partitions are made, restart your computer with the start-up disk in the floppy drive. When prompted, type ‘format c: /s’ and press ‘Enter’. Use this command only for C drive. For other drives use the command ‘format drive:’ where drive is the letter allocated. Once the above command runs, type ‘format c: /s t a’. This will format the active drive. Once you have run the Format Tool like above, you will see a message displayed on the screen saying “Warning, all data on non-removable disk drive C: will be lost”. Type ‘Y’ and then ‘Enter’. You will have successfully formatted your drive.

How to partition and format a hard disk by using Windows XP Setup program

You need to format a hard disk before installing Windows XP via the Windows XP Setup program.

Preliminary steps prior to partition and format of a hard disk

There are certain steps you need to follow, before you partition and format the hard disk. These steps are enumerated as under;

  • Arrange the hard disk in accordance to the maker’s directives

The ones using a SATA hard disk have to directly go to the “Determine the type of     file system that you want to use” segment. Those using an IDE hard disk, have to lay down the jumpers and the cabling according to the task of the hard disk and make all the necessary BIOS (or CMOS) changes.

  • Establish the type of file system to be used

You can utilize NTFS, which is the favored file system to set-up the hard disk except, if you want to run a former version of Windows which would be unable to read NTFS partitions.

Steps to partition and format a hard disk by using Windows XP Setup program

The procedure to be followed for partitioning and formatting the hard disk using the Windows XP setup program are as follows:

  • For the purpose of partition:
  • First, introduce the Windows XP CD into the CD/ DVD slot. One can also put in the Windows XP Setup disk in the floppy disk drive, and after that start over the computer to begin the Windows XP Setup program.
  • Launch the computer from the CD/ DVD drive.
  • At times, the hard disk controller necessitates a third-party OEM driver. At these times you will have to enter F6 key in order to indicate the driver.
  • Now, you will be able to see a “Welcome to Setup” page on your screen. Press “Enter” to continue.
  • In case the computer detects an already installed Windows XP system, you are incited to refurbish it. If you do not wish to refurbish it, pressing ESC key once will do the needful.
  • All accessible partitions and non-partitioned spaces are programmed for physical hard disks. You can utilize arrow keys to opt for an existent partition. You can also make a fresh partition by choosing the non-partitioned space. Pressing C key once will create a new partition by means of non-partitioned space.
  • Press “Enter” for generating the partition with the greatest possible size. Type the size in megabytes to determine partition size, followed by “Enter”.
  • For the purpose of formatting the hard disk and installing Windows XP:
  • You have to pick the partition to install Windows XP. Help of arrows keys may be taken. Once selected, pressing “Enter” will execute the command.
  • Now choose the option to format the partition. Selection has to be made from options like using the NTFS file system, via the FAT file system, by the NTFS file system, with the FAT file system. The existing file system should be as it is.
  • Pressing “Enter” will execute the command.
  • Now the Windows Setup program will format the partition. For the purpose of installation of Windows XP, do as directed by instructions on the screen. Restarting the computer will successfully install Windows XP.

Always back up your data

The partition and format of a hard disk will erase all data present on the computer. This data will be deleted permanently so having a back up of all the data is advisable.

How to Build an External Hard Drive

One of the greatest methods to feed your laptop with additional hard disk capacity, or to backup all of the critical data without storing them on DVDs or CDs is to make your external hard drive. The hard drive will have the ability to connect with any machine with a spare USB port. This technique enables you from transferring large data inter alia computers in a very quick and easy way, also you can consider it a backup form of in the event something ever happens to your computer. The external hard drive works on machines that run OS X, Windows 2000/XP and Linux.
Steps to follow:

If you are convinced with what we previously mentioned, just follow the coming steps to make your own:

• First you must have an internal hard drive, in this article we will refer to it as the HDD. You have to begin with deciding which HDD is your standard physical size. There are three HDD capacities: 1.8 inch, 2.5 inch, and 3.5 inch. Both 1.8 and 2.5 are the ideal sizes for HDD of laptops. The HDDs of laptops could be powered through a USB cable, therefore, No AC adapter demanded.
• In this step you should get a compatible enclosure by fetching a connection way that fits the demands of all machines that might get connected to yours. USB2.0 is a great one. After connection, make simultaneous comparisons of fan noise; also check to if you have a power-switch on the 3.5 inch enclosures because without it, you will have to unplug the adapter to turn off your drive
• Strait up both the HDD and enclosure
• Stick to instructions on how to open the enclosure.
• Make your HDD the Master hard, this operation could be done through the jumper. On your HDD you will find a diagram shows the jumper settings of how to make it operate as master HDD or Slave HDD.
• Connect both the Molex power connector of the enclosure and the ATA/SATA ribbon cable to the HDD.
• Screw your HDD to the enclosure, you will find 4 holes for 4 screws distributed on the HDD sides.
• Make sure that you missed anything to connect and make sure you covered all of the steps.
• Close that enclosure.
• Attach both the USB or FireWire cord and the power-cord to the drive.
• Attach the other terminals of those cords to your machine
• Turn on your machine. Open My Computer, to see the new connected device in the Removable Storage portion
• Format the device by moving your pointer over the device, right click on it and choose, Format
• The format type should be NTFS, if you are operating Linux Format it in ext3 File System. Also you can name that drive with a Volume Label according to your desire… it might be helpful to distinguish it from the others , recommended names like Secondary Backup, External and so forth. When we say Format the drive, we mean the Full format not the Quick one, in order not to leave bad sectors. This might take longer than you are used to.
• Once you are finished, we can say that you do have an external hard drive.
I think it was a very interesting experiment , but we have two warnings in here to keep your self on the right track , the first one is : when remove the drive , use the “Remove Hardware” technique , you can do it by clicking the “Remove Hardware” icon on your task bar , just to be safe when cutting out power and data stream flowing of that drive , if not this might cause it not to work again , or even not in a proper way. The second one is you have to keep the drive in the enclosure to be safe from the static discharge. With this you are very safe and free to extend, congrats.

How to Make Your Computer Faster: Registry Cleaner, Improving PC Performance

A lot of people wonder why their PC functions slower than they expect it to. There are many reasons behind this. However, not always do you have to change the RAM to install a higher memory or increase hard disk space by installing new hardware to your PC. There are many ways to make your computer work twice as fast as it is at present.

Microsoft’s Anti-Spyware Program (Free to download from Microsoft Windows Defender)

Once you have this program installed into your PC, you must run “Msconfig” in the “Run” option that you see after pressing “Start” on your toolbar. This cleans your computer of all unnecessary programs. At this point you must also delete random files and spyware from your “Temporary” folder on your C-drive that may have entered your system while browsing the internet

Now start your computer in “Safe” mode by pressing the F8 button continuously as your computer starts booting.

Adaware (Free to download from Lavasoft Downloads)

Before your computer was made to run on “Safe” mode you should have installed the Adaware program. In “Safe” mode you can run it to remove additional Spyware and update your existing programs to their latest versions.

Spybot (Free to download from The Home of Spybot-S&D)

Spybot can also clean the system in the “Safe” mode of unnecessary and harmful malware.


You can download this program from to detect unnecessary programs that are running on your computer that may not necessarily be malicious. While this detection test runs you must make a log file that can be run against the Automated Log Analyzer to detect these useless programs. You can delete them after the scan is complete.

Microsoft’s Anti-Malicious software is also good for detecting programs that enter your system to destroy it. The latter is also known as a rootkit. The BLBeta Expert is another such tool used against rootkits.

Internet Explorer

If you are an Internet Explorer user you must customize certain settings to prevent downloading unsigned ActivX Controls or initialize and script unsafe ActivX Controls.

Any Activ scripting including that of Java Applets must be disabled as well.

All this can be done by browsing through “Internet Options” in “Tools” on the upper taskbar of an Explorer window.

You can also customize settings accordingly to prevent opening harmful websites. You can choose individual websites by the URL to allow them to open by adding them to “Favorites”.


Open New and Integer by right-clicking after typing “about:config” in the address bar space. To protect against flash pop-ups you must type “privacy.popups.disable_from_plugins” and “2” in the two windows that open.

Recycle Bin

You may not be aware of this, but without customizing the space used by the Recycle Bin results in it taking up a lot of your memory space. You can set this at 1-3% by right-clicking on the icon to go to “Properties” and adjusting the bar down to the desired level.


Make sure that your Disk Manager Application is on by adjusting the settings on the “Hardware” option of “Properties” that appear by right-clicking on the “My Computer” icon. This allows data from your removable drives such as CDs and USB storage devices for direct memory access instead of going through the system processor.

Windows Registry

Clean the Windows Registry regularly and do system scans ensuring back-up every now and then to get rid of unwanted functions and programs.

All these features should speed up your PC considerably.

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Call Now: +1 833-522-1003
Call Now: +1 833-522-1003