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How to Store Your Important Data and Back Up Your Files

The data which you keep in your computers is very important and in order to guarantee the protection of your data you should always back up your files and important documents. With the help of regular backups, the chances of the loss of the important files and documents are greatly reduced and you would be able to have them with you all the time. The backup of the files can be done automatically or you can also do the backup manually at any time.

Backup your files

For the backup of your files and other important documents open the backup and restore by clicking on the start menu then click on control panel then system and maintenance and after this click on backup and restore.

If you have never used the Windows backup previously then click on set up backup then after this follow all the steps that are shown in the wizard. In case your operating system asks for the administrator password then you type in the password and then proceed with rest of the steps. If previously you have created the backup and you can wait for the regular scheduled backup that are set for your computer or can create one new backup in the manual manner with the help of clicking on back up now. Type in the password or do the confirmation if you are prompted to do so.

Important things to note

It is recommended that you must not do the backup of your files on the same had disk on which you have installed your Windows. The media such as the DVDs, external hard disks or the CDs should be used for storing the backup files. The media should be placed in some safe place and must be prevented from the unauthorized people so that they should not be able to access your files. A fireproof location is the perfect one for storing these files and it should be separate from your computer. You can also encrypt the data which is stored on the backup storage media.

Create a new and full backup of your files

After first backup has been created then Windows Backup will add new or changed info to all of your subsequent backups. If your backup files are stored on the hard drive or the network location then the windows backup would create one new and full backup of your files in the automatic manner when there comes a need for this. If these backup files are stored on the DVDs or the CDs and the existing backup disc cannot be found or if you want to make a new back up of all the files on your computer then you can create a full backup.

Creating a full backup of your files is easy and can be done by anyone. Open the backup and restore with the help of clicking on Start button and then control panel. After this, click on system and maintenance then on backup and restore. Click on create new, full backup which is present in the left pane. 

How PCI Works

One cannot imagine working without computers, as we end up doing a number of things with their help.  Many types of communication like text, audio and video are  made using computers. The industry of computers is progressing day by day and new devices and components are being introduced. These devices are compatible with computers because of the buses (data transport systems) which transport the data from a component or device to CPU and vice versa. There are two main types of buses

System Bus

It is used to transport data between system memory and CPU and transport the data at much faster speed than any other Bus including PCI.


PCI bus is comparatively slower than system bus and it is used for connecting hardware devices like modems, sound devices, graphic devices and hard disks to the computer. It is connected to CPU via Bus Bridge which connects PCI devices and ISA devices to the CPU.\

PCI refers to Peripheral Component Interconnect. The work on PCI started in 1990 at Intel’s Architecture Development Lab. PCI were not put into every computer just after they were introduced but it took more than 4 years to make a significant mark and replace other buses like ISA and VESA Local Bus. The fact was that Microsoft introduced Windows 95 which supported a new feature called Plug and Play (PnP) and this boosted up the demand of PCI by great value. PnP is basically a core utility of BIOS. A PCI-based hardware is just inserted and the PnP feature itself recognizes the hardware, installs it and makes it ready to use.

There are some other buses like universal serial bus(USB) which are quite different from these two in function, as they connect devices like phones, cameras, printers and scanners with the computer.

How PCI works

PCI works in a very simple yet managed manner to transport the data to CPU. PCI devices are connected to the PCI bus which is connected to the Bus Bridge which is further connected to the CPU. It is connected in the following manner:

PCI device   > PCI bus   > Bus Bridge   > System Bus   > CPU.

This is the way a PCI device or hardware is connected to the CPU. ISA devices can also be connected to the CPU via Bus Bridge which is further connected to the PCI bus and so on.

PCI devices are very simple to install because of the Plug and Play feature. You just have to insert a PCI-based hardware in any of the empty PCI slot and the CPU will itself detect and install the driver.


Some specifications of PCI are:

  • PCI cards usually have 47 pins (except mastering cards which have 49 pins)
  • PCI is based on the Plug and Play feature which makes adding hardware easy.
  • PCI cards are operated at two voltages: 3.3 volts and 5 volts.
  • PCI cards are of two bandwidths: 32-bit and 64-bit.
  • PCI bus speed ranges from 33MHz to 133MHz.
  • PCI data transfer speed is from 132 Mbps to 1 Gbps.

Future of PCI

A lot of people think that PCI bus cannot be replaced but some computer experts have the opinion that as PCI replaced ISA, some new bus system will also replace it in near future. They say that PCI has approximately reached the upper limit of its capacity and would soon be replaced by any other Bus system.

Removable storage: Real Storage box

Removable storage devices are used in several PCs for transporting and storing information. There are various types of storage devices that include hard disks, CD drives, compact disks and portable USB drives. The storage limit of removable devices is increasing exponentially with the progression of technology. Storage devices are also formulated in a multipurpose manner, sometimes like MP3 players, iPods or USB devices.

Removable storage devices were used for recording purpose and small data transfer. The primary storage device was based on magnetic tapes where audio and video files are stored in a tape and marketed as audio and video cassettes. These devices offer flexibility regarding storage limits and service types. In early 90s, floppy drives became very popular for storing and transferring data. But in recent times, CDs and DVDs are even more popular medium of exchanging and storing data. Hard disk is the most popular and efficient device of data storage, but it’s not popular and useful for transferring data. Hard discs are replaced by USB flash drives as they play an important role in fast and efficient transferring of data. It is user friendly for its small size and its high storage capacity ranges from 256 MB to 20 GB.

Removable storage devices are divided into three types:

• Magnetic storage
• Optical storage
• Solid-state storage

Magnetic storage is the most popular and widely used media for data storage. Magnetic storage is done with the help of magnetized materials. Different intensity of magnetization is induced in various devices according to their use and memory limit. The data is stored in a form of non-volatile memory. Among magnetic storage devices, hard disk is the most pronounced and mostly used for storing data. Along with hard disk, floppy disk and recording tape are also the features of magnetic storage, which have slightly different technical specifications. But hard disk is more capable of storing huge data of different types, both audio and video including images and documents. With the advancement of science and technology these analog recording devices became digital with the use of computer hard disk and other cutting edge video and audio storage devices.

Optical storage is a referred as the device which uses optical signals to read data. The data is stored by creating round patterns marks in a device which can be interpreted correctly when light is projected. CD-ROM and DVD-ROM is practical example of optical storage devices.

Lastly, the latest used technology is solid state drive (SSD) which derives from solid state physics that uses solid state memory to store data. Solid sate drive is portable and has a less operation time than others with more flexibility and durability.

Use of Removable storage is compulsory in this technological world as various personalized works are impossible without storage devices. Scientists are looking forward to invent faster and high memory storage devices.

Canon Vixia HF S11

Few companies are using SD-based camcorders with and unbelievable thin designs, simply because this technologies allow the possibility to built much compact models than the old camcorder based on DV, hard disks or the worst kind of support: mini DVDs. While Canon is not stopping to offer compact AVCHD camcorders, the Vixia HF200 and HF20, the company is trying to hit another target of the market offering to the consumers the Vixia HF S11.

These models, which can record 1,920×1,080-pixel resolution video, feature a larger, faster f1.8 10X HD lens and a fairly large, 1/1.26-inch 8-megapixel CMOS sensor, along with few pro capabilities. The models differ by internal memory, the HF S100 has none, while the HF S10 has a good 32GB and the HF S11 has 64GB. Another good feature on the HF S11 is Dynamic SuperRange OIS, that was designed to compensate the movement while you are walking and at wide angles, and a very Advanced Snapshot mode, which means you can take a four-second clips from your videos in playback mode, and obviously also in capture mode. The weighs is almost a pound, the camcorder feels light for its size. Always a good characteristic, but it’s not very compact. The camcorder has a nice, functional design, with only a few exceptions, with easy controls and a streamlined user interface. The larger size allows you to be a but more comfortable holding it and you can feel free to operate with a really good control of the camera.

One of the major things you see in this camcorder is the odd built-in lens cover, is not using the usual aperture-blade type we normally see, but it uses a closing-eye type, a bit strange but good as well .The only exception in that when closed, the two plastic pieces tend to clatter against each other; but is not a big deal since the camcorder is off, just a little irritation. Another strange feature is that the video light is not in the typical location we usually see, on the side of the lens, Canon has choose to put it on the pop-up flash. On the side of the lens barrel. there is the stereo mics sit, it allows for larger mics and it’s a very good selection for this camera, you have a better separation than with the typical positioning up or below the lens. There’s a common mic input (3.5-millimeter) and the other usual connectors: component, Mini HDMI and USB. So, we have a good product, we have only a little prob: the 2.7-inch display is the common low-resolution model we normally see, the little fonts look not so good, pixelated as usual and would be difficult for some to read, but you can see your image pretty well also in direct sunlight, however.

The market of chips in 2010

The economic crisis is touching almost every sector of the market, most tech sectors are in big difficulties, the semiconductor big industry had a tough start in last year (2009). But it improved in central months of the 2009 and it’s going to a healthy recovery in this year, everybody hopes so.

Chip revenue has a huge falling down during the last period, about $228.4 billion across the world last year, a drop of 10.5 % from the previous year (2008), This is what the number said at this particular moment, but the prevision for the future are good. This period signed the first time this big industry sales declines for few years in a row, a bad period of time for all the firm in this sector, but is the market really going to come back to the normality? The numbers speaks for a yes to this question, the sales are growing up and the companies are planning to increase their sales in the next few months. After a big decline in the last quarter of 2008 and the initial months of 2009, next months revenue growth for this industry. Peter Middleton, main research analyst at Gartner, told few days ago in a statement; “If we looked at the present results, 2009 achievements total was much milder than starting scared in the aftermath of this financial crisis.”

Among all the companies that produced chips for 2009, Intel continued to be the leader of the sector. Did you have doubt about that? The first place for almost 20 years, this is the 18th year or reign for the technologies giant. Meanwhile its fiscal year sales felt down about $1.6 billion, Intel boosted its market share, according with the huge demand for notebook and PCs, to 14.6 % from 13.6 %. At the second step of the chart there is Samsung Electronics that was one of the few companies producing semiconductor technology to see its revenue rise in the last 10 months.Samsung’s sales of NAND flash memory and core DRAM products had dropped in 2008, forcing vendors to reduce supply. Industry wide output cuts that chip supply, linked with a renew in PC demand, helped boost products prices. Hynix Semiconductor Inc., is the second hugest producer of computer memory all over the world and they reported its biggest profit in three years. So, many companies as Toshiba, Texas Instruments, Qualcomm and many others after a bad period are trying to revitalize their chips business.

Call Now: +1 833-522-1003
Call Now: +1 833-522-1003
Call Now: +1 833-522-1003