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How to Copy Files in Command Prompt

When the graphical user interface was not developed, it was only the command line interface on which people used to work. They had to remember the commands which at times were quite long to do the basic tasks on their computers. Even if you have to invoke a simple text editor on your computer still you would need to remember the name of the executable file of that editor so that its name could be written and executed on the command prompt. Though we have highly advanced graphical operating systems these days, but still knowledge of command prompt is a must as it helps us understand how the file system hierarchy works. If our computer crashes and we are ought to start it in command prompt, we must know how to run the commands to fix it up. So it is always good to understand the working on a command prompt. I will first introduce the very basic command which you can execute in a command prompt and this is a task which we graphically do most of the times, that is, the Copy command.

We know that we can simply right click on any file, select copy, and then paste it by the same method to some other location, but here I will tell you how to do it from the command prompt. Before we start we should understand how the file paths are defined in the command prompt.

File Path

Example : “C:\Folder1\MyFile.Doc”

Given above is an example of file path in which the file named MyFile.Doc is saved on the C Drive under a folder named Folder1. This is how we name the files and their locations in command line. The drive letter has to have a Colon (:) and folders are separated by a backslash (\).

Copy Command

Syntax: COPY<space><from location\file name><space><to location\file name>

COPY is the name of the command which we need to use.

From location is the location where the file resides.

To Location is the location where you wish to copy it.

For example if you have to move the file MyFile.Doc from Folder1 to Folder2 on the C Drive then you need to write the following command.

COPY C:\Folder1\MyFile.Doc C:\Folder2\MyFile.Doc

This will copy the file from one folder to another. Please note that using the full path for a file is not always necessary. This is required if you are currently not in that directory. If you already are in the C:\Folder1 directory then you can simply write the command as

COPY MyFile.Doc C:\Folder2\MyFile.Doc.

Again please note that full path for the destination is also always not required. If you have to copy the file to same location(with a different name) then you do not need to mention the full path. In the example given below you can copy the file MyFile.Doc with the name MyFile2.Doc in the same folder.

COPY MyFile.Doc MyFile2.Doc

US Supreme Court to Hear Microsoft Patent Case

Microsoft is Public multinational Corporation headquartered in Redmond Washington, USA, Microsoft develops, manufacturers, license and support a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various products division, Microsoft established on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell Basic interpreters for the Altair 8800, Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS  DOS in the mid 1980’s followed by the Microsoft Windows line of Operating Systems, Microsoft would also come to dominate the office suite market with Microsoft Office, the company has diversified in recent years into the video game industry with the Xbox and its successor the Xbox 360 as well as into the consumer electronics market with Zune and the Windows Phone OS, the ensuing rise of stock in the company’s 1986 initial public offering made on estimated 4 billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from Microsoft employees.

Greenpeace ranked the electronics portion of Microsoft’s business third worst in Microsoft’s introduction in Nov 2007 and third worst in May 2010 out of 18 companies in its Guide to Greener Electronics an assessment of chemical disposal waste reduction practices.

In the last five years or so the Supreme Court has jumped more aggressively than ever before on the once arcane world of patent law.

The reason behind it remains a mystery, the Court doesn’t explain why it takes up the cases it does, but it’s likely at least in part a recognition of the growing importance intellectual property has in our economy

In Washington the US Supreme court agreed to hear Microsoft’s appeal of a 290 million dollar verdict in a patent dispute with a Canadian company over its popular Word Software.

The Supreme Court of US is expected to hear arguments in the case pitting the US software giant against Toronto based i4ilnc during its winter session and to deliver a ruling before the end of June next year, in Dec, a US Court of Appeals upheld a jury verdict and lower court ruling in the case filed against Microsoft by i4i over its Word program.

Microsoft corporate vice president and deputy general counsel for litigation David Howard welcomed the Supreme Court’s decision to hear the appeal by the Redmond, Washington based company.

A US District court judge in Texas last year upheld both a jury ruling that the Microsoft’s Word program violates an xml patent held by i4i and the award of more than 290 million dollars in damages and interest, the judge also issued an injunction that would ban Microsoft from selling versions of Word that infringe on the patented technology which Microsoft has dismissed as a little used feature.

Microsoft did appeal but the three judge US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled against the software powerhouse.

Microsoft was accused by i4i of infringing on a 1998 XML patent in it Word 2003 and Word 2007 programs.

How to Resolve Error Messages When you Install or Start an MS-DOS or 16-bit Windows-Based Program

Every once in a while, you will see yourself installing programs to your beloved computer; it can be games, applications, or simple Windows-based programs that are meant to work. But sometimes errors occur prior to the installation in the form of a dialog box that tells you to terminate the program.

These problems are caused of missing or damaged files like Config.nt, Autoexec.nt, and Command.com. These are the files responsible to the installation of the said programs. Therefore, these should be filled-in or repaired for us to be able to proceed with the installation.

Methods
There are two methods that we can do to replace or fill in these vital files. The first one involves replacing the files with your own using a notepad file. The second one will be relatively easy. You just have to run the windows repair utility. Here are some straightforward methods.

First Method
1. Insert the installer to your computer’s disc drive.
2. Click on Start, then select/click Run. Type in cmd and hit Enter to pull up the command prompt. This would start the whole process, if you are using a laptop it is best to plug in your laptop.
3. Type in the following commands, then press ENTER after each command input:
Expand CD-ROM Drive Letter:\i386\config.nt_ c:\windows\system32\config.nt
expand CD-ROM Drive Letter:\i386\autoexec.nt_ c:\windows\system32\autoexec.nt
expand CD-ROM Drive Letter:\i386\command.co_ c:\windows\system32\command.com
exit
These would actually give time to your computer to re-boot the system.
4. After doing so, you can now start or install the program.
If the issue is resolved, do not go on with the remaining steps. If not, then proceed to the next few step.
5. Pull-up the notepad and type in these:
dos=high, umb
device=%SYSTEMROOT%system32\himem.sys
files=40

6. Click on File from the top menu, click Save As and change the file name into Config.nt. Save the file.

7. Click again on File and select New. A blank document will be displayed, and then type in these:
@echo off
lh %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\mscdexnt.exe
lh %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\redir
lh %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\dosx
SET BLASTER=A220 I5 D1 P330 T3
8. Click again on File, select Save As, and then change the file name to Autoexec.nt. Save the file.
9. Pull up your Windows Explorer. Get the location where you saved your Config.nt file and copy it. Look for the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32 folder, right-click it, then select paste.
10. Do the same procedure with the Autoexec.nt file.
11. Find the Command.com file, right-click on the expanded Command.com file, and then click/select Copy.
12. Right-click the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32 folder, and then click Paste.
13. Restart.
After doing the steps and the problem still occurs, copy the Autoexec.nt as well as the Config.nt files from the Repair folder in Windows to the System folder. These steps will help you do it:

1. Click Start, select the Run command, particularly type c:\windows\repair in the box, as well as hit enter afterwards. This would help in repairing any damage within the files.
2. Copy the Autoexec.nt,file
3. Click Start, click Run, type c:\windows\system32, and then click OK.
4. Paste (Ctrl+V) the copied file in the specific folder.
5. Right-click the Autoexec.nt file that you just copied, and then select Properties.
6. Select/Click the Read-Only check-box, and then click OK. This would prevent any future harm in the files.
7. Follow the steps above, this time with Config.nt file.

Second Method
1. Click Start, select Run, and then type C:\windows\repair, and then click OK.
2. Copy the Autoexec.nt file in your folder.
3. Click Start, click Run, type %windir%\system32, and then click OK.
4. In the folder that houses all components of System32, you need to press Ctrl + V so that you can paste the file of the Autoexec.nt system in this certain folder.

How to Format Windows XP from the Command Prompt

The hard drive of a computer that runs on the Windows XP operating system could be formatted using its own interface or by using the command prompt. As command prompt is an interface that is using command line, you cannot use a mouse and there will be no Windows. You must type the commands by entering the correct text. There are various procedures to follow when you do this.

How to go to Command Prompt

There are a couple of ways to access command prompt. One way is to use the Windows XP CD Rom, boot the computer and go to command prompt from there. Insert the CD in the CD Rom drive and select the command prompt, or you can select MS DOS interface. You will end up at the command prompt. Another way is to select the “Run” option and typing “cmd”. Then click on OK or press enter. This also will take you to command prompt.

Entering the command for Formatting

The command for formatting a hard disk is Format(C). C here stands for C drive. In case, you need to format another volume, you must enter the corresponding letter – D, E etc. What you have entered is the basic command. You can enter further details into the command line. These commands specify other actions to be performed in the process of formatting the disc. The command that specifies the file system to be used in formatting is “/fs: (file system)”. The file system could be any one of the three file systems used; FAT, FAT32 or NTFS. In case you need to format the C drive on the NTFS file system, the command you must enter is ‘Format C:/fs:ntfs’. If you need to go for quick formatting, you can give the ‘/q’ command. It is just a case of  adding it to the command line and then the command will look like ‘FormatC:/fs:ntfs/q’. Remember to leave a space between each of the commands. If you miss this point, syntax errors will not let you proceed and the computer will not understand your commands.

Reinstallation of the Operating system

When you format a hard disc or any other storage device, all data in it will be erased and lost. So normally you format a hard disc only before you install the operating system or when you need to reinstall it, due to some reason. When you need to install the operating system, store all your data in the particular storage device before starting with it. You can store it in a removable drive such as a flash drive or writable CDs or DVDs. Now insert the Windows installer disc in the CD Rom drive and the auto run program will pop up. Follow instructions and you will end up with a fresh installation. Copy the backed up data and you are done.

Learning how to use the command prompt, how to format disc drives and how to install operating systems is important, as you need to carry out these tasks to maintain your system and to ensure optimum performance.

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Call Now: +1 833-522-1003
Call Now: +1 833-522-1003