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How to Create a Bootable Floppy Disk for an NTFS or FAT partition in Windows XP

This article basically guides you, how you can create a windows startup disk for access a drive, which has a faulty startup sequence on an Intelx86-processor-based computer. You can access a drive with this windows boot disk, which has the Windows NT file system or file allocation table (FAT) file system installed.

Advantage and Disadvantage

This is helpful to work around some startup problems, like

  1. It is useful to corrupted startup sector.
  2. It is helpful in corrupted master boot record.
  3. It can help in the virus infection problems
  4. Missing or corrupted NTLDR or Ntdetect.com.
  5. You can start from shadow of the broken mirror with this startup disk system, it can be helpful for this purpose, you can also change the boot.ini file to do this

This is not working in these following situations, like

  1. If you installed incorrect or corrupt device driver into windows system folder.
  2. Startup problems can occur after the OSLOADER screen.

To remove this problems, you can run the emergency repair disk, load the last known good control set or reinstall the windows.

Procedure to create a windows startup floppy disk

This procedure bsically describes to create a bootable floppy disk for windows XP and it access a drive with a faulty boot sequence on an Intel processor-based computer.

The Windows floppy disk must have the files like, NTLDR, Ntdectect.com, Boot.ini and the correct device driver for your hard disk. To perform this procedure you need a blank floppy disk and the windows XP CD ROM or an optional Windows XP based Computer.

  1. You can use the windows XP format utility to format a floppy disk, and to perform this procedure at first you have to insert the particular floppy which you want to use in your floppy disk drive, after that click on the start, run and click on the OK button.
  2. Now from the I386 folder on the Windows XP installation CD Rom, from Windows XP installation floppy disk, or from the Computer you have to copy the Ntldr and ntdetect.com files, which is running the same version of Windows XP. To perform this process,
    • At first click on the start and run button, then type< DriveLetter>:\I386 and then click OK. And then right click on the Ntldr file and click on the copy area. And now click on the start, run button and type a:, and then click OK button.  Now click the edit menu and then click paste button and finally repeat steps 2b through 2e for the Ntdetect.com file.
  3. Now you have to create a boot.ini file or copy one from a computer which is running windows XP, after that modify the Boot.ini file to match the computer which one you are trying to access. At first click on the start button and then click run and type notepad and finally click OK. You have to type these following text:
    • [boot loader]
    • timeout=30
    • Default= multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\windows
    • [operating systems]
    • multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\windows=”<OperatingSystem>”
    • Operation system is a value which in depends on the configuration of the Windows XP computer that you are want to access.
  4. Now click on the file menu. And click save as.
  5. From the Save in drop down list choose 3 ½ Floppy (A:) and type Boot.ini an the file name text box and finally click save button.
  6. Now insert the floppy disk into the floppy disk drive and restart windows XP.

Troubleshooting

If the path pointing files of the system in incorrect, then you can get some error message, like
Because of the following ARC firmware boot configuration problem, the Windows NT couldn’t start.
If the ARC name for HAL and system paths didn’t generate properly, then please check the Windows NT documentation about ARC configuration options and check your hardware reference manuals for additional information. Then boot failed.

How to optimize your PC through Defragmentation

There has been a continuous quest to improve the performance of your PC by making sure that you have more resources for running applications and games of your choice. In addition, you would also want your PC to run faster and load applications faster so that you start using them instantly. A tested way of getting such results at the end is to defragment your hard disk drive. Fragmentation is the process that is something normal to the storage volumes.

Fragmentation occurs when your data is scattered all over the storage volume with empty sectors in between. This avoids the proper indexing of files in the allocation table therefore causing your system to slow down. It also gives quite slow search results that make your system’s overall performance low. Your hard disk is not the only place that encounters fragmentation but external volumes like an external hard disk as well as USB Flash Drives can also be fragmented.

Disk Defragmenter

Disk defragmenter is the system based application that does the job for you. This application is within the system tools of your operating system. The application tends to rearrange the files and defragment the fragmented files in order to enhance the efficiency of your system. As the files become arranged, it becomes easier for you to manage and move through them. In addition, many of the applications on your system become faster once all the data is defragmented.

Disk Defragmenter tends to defragment and clarify volumes that have already been formatted in either of the NTFS, FAT32 and FAT file system. Any other formatted hard disk drive cannot be formatted using the Disk Defragmenter tool in Windows 7. In case you cannot locate a specific volume within the Disk Defragmenter window, or the volume exists but cannot be checked and defragmented, you need to make sure if the disk contains error. In case the disk contains errors, you need to repair that at the first place using the disk repair tool in the system tools of your Windows 7.

Defragmenting your hard disk

This is a system wide tool that usually runs on schedules but you can still manage to run Disk Defragmenter manually in order to make sure that everything that you have your system is managed well. The following steps would guide you through the process of defragmenting your hard disk drive:

  • Click on the Start menu and search for Disk Defragmenter.
  • The result would get you to the Disk Defragmenter, click the icon.
  • The welcome window would give you a Current Status section, select the disk volume that you wish to defragment.
  • Analyze disk in order to make sure if the disk needs defragmentation.
  • The last run column would give you the result, if the result is 10% or more, the volume needs defragmentation.
  • Click on Defragment Disk button and leave the rest to the Disk Defragmenter.

Disk defragmenter is an application that takes quite some time to finish but you would certainly notice a remarkable difference at the end of the day. The performance and speed of your system would be enhanced ultimately.

How to Store Memory on Ready Boost

ReadyBoost is an excellent feature that was brought into existence with the Windows Vista and later with Windows 7 as well. This feature enables your external volumes to be used as space for disk cache. You can use your Flash Drives, SD Cards as well as external hard disk drives for the job. ReadyBoost is supported for one device on Windows Vista while you can add multiple devices for Windows 7. Use of NTFS volume is suggested as you can use more of the volume for the purpose giving you with enough alternative space to act as your disk cache.

ReadyBoost Requirements

There are certain requirements for the device to be capable of being used as a ReadyBoost help.

The minimum denomination of the external volume that you are using for ReadyBoost should be 256 MB that would be 250 MB once it is formatted. The maximum size that was available for use in Windows Vista used to be 4GB while it has been revised to unlimited in the Windows 7.

You can add up to eight devices that would make the overall denomination to a maximum of possible 256GB size. This would serve as an additional memory giving you ultimate control over many applications.

The access time of the device should be really small. It should have an access time of less then 1ms or equal in order to make sure that it can be readily used.

The device needs to have a read speed of 2.5 MB/sec while the write speed suggested is at least 1.75MB/sec.

Turn on and off ReadyBoost

  • Follow the instructions below to make your external volume be used as ReadyBoost:
  • Connect your external volume with the computer, the pop up Autoplay options would rise.
  • Under the general section, click Speed up my system.
  • Inside the Properties, click the ReadyBoost tab on the top.
  • You would be given three options:
    • Do not use this device would turn ReadyBoost off and you won’t be able to use it as a ReadyBoost device.
    • Dedicate this device for ReadyBoost would dedicate the whole volume to be used for ReadyBoost and the whole of the system can be used for the process enhancing the speed of your system by many folds. The files already on your volume would not be touched while the rest of the space would be used to boost your system.
    • Use this device has a slider option with it that lets you limit the size of the volume that you would like to use as ReadyBoost.
    • On clicking OK, your selection would be saved and this device would be used to the ReadyBoost purpose every time you are going to plug it in your system.

Advantages:

The possible outcomes are remarkable for people who have low memory or the processes that they use need more memory to run smooth. The first test of this was made on a system with 512 Mb of ram that is the least requirement for Windows vista and it was noticed that the ReadyBoost gave it double the ram. A process that took place in 11.7 second was over in just 2 seconds.

How to Format Windows XP from the Command Prompt

The hard drive of a computer that runs on the Windows XP operating system could be formatted using its own interface or by using the command prompt. As command prompt is an interface that is using command line, you cannot use a mouse and there will be no Windows. You must type the commands by entering the correct text. There are various procedures to follow when you do this.

How to go to Command Prompt

There are a couple of ways to access command prompt. One way is to use the Windows XP CD Rom, boot the computer and go to command prompt from there. Insert the CD in the CD Rom drive and select the command prompt, or you can select MS DOS interface. You will end up at the command prompt. Another way is to select the “Run” option and typing “cmd”. Then click on OK or press enter. This also will take you to command prompt.

Entering the command for Formatting

The command for formatting a hard disk is Format(C). C here stands for C drive. In case, you need to format another volume, you must enter the corresponding letter – D, E etc. What you have entered is the basic command. You can enter further details into the command line. These commands specify other actions to be performed in the process of formatting the disc. The command that specifies the file system to be used in formatting is “/fs: (file system)”. The file system could be any one of the three file systems used; FAT, FAT32 or NTFS. In case you need to format the C drive on the NTFS file system, the command you must enter is ‘Format C:/fs:ntfs’. If you need to go for quick formatting, you can give the ‘/q’ command. It is just a case of  adding it to the command line and then the command will look like ‘FormatC:/fs:ntfs/q’. Remember to leave a space between each of the commands. If you miss this point, syntax errors will not let you proceed and the computer will not understand your commands.

Reinstallation of the Operating system

When you format a hard disc or any other storage device, all data in it will be erased and lost. So normally you format a hard disc only before you install the operating system or when you need to reinstall it, due to some reason. When you need to install the operating system, store all your data in the particular storage device before starting with it. You can store it in a removable drive such as a flash drive or writable CDs or DVDs. Now insert the Windows installer disc in the CD Rom drive and the auto run program will pop up. Follow instructions and you will end up with a fresh installation. Copy the backed up data and you are done.

Learning how to use the command prompt, how to format disc drives and how to install operating systems is important, as you need to carry out these tasks to maintain your system and to ensure optimum performance.

How To Format an SD Card for a Wii

The Nintendo Wii reads data from the SD cards which sometimes might cause problems as it does with all the other devices that use it. The Secure Digital or SD cards normally need to be formatted via PC otherwise devices like PSP, Xbox or PS3 have their own formatting options.

Basic Requirements

A computer system with an inbuilt Memory Card Reader (must be able to read SD cards) or a Computer system and an external SD card reader, and adapter.

Formatting Memory Card For Nintendo Wii through Windows

1) First, connect the SD Card to the Computer System or the Card reader via a USB cable, and wait for the Computer to recognize the card. Once detected, the Computer (in Windows Operating system) will show a dialogue box for opening the drive or an Auto play dialogue Box.

2) Click Open in the Auto play dialogue box. If it does not appear, then go to My Computer (For Windows) and click on the Memory Card which would now be seen as a drive letter for an external Hard Data Source.

3) After recognizing the drive, Open the Drive and copy all the data from the memory card to any backup source so as not to lose any important data. You may make a backup in your primary Hard Drive or any external hard Drive or make multiple backups, depending on importance of the data.

REMEMBER: Formatting erases all data on a hard Drive or memory card and it is essential to back up the data securely before performing any such operation on the Drive.

4) Now, right-click (for windows) on the Drive letter of the Memory card. The menu will drop down. In the menu, left – click on Format option.

5) As the formatting window opens, make sure that you uncheck the Quick Format option and then Left Click on Start. In case of a hard drive, selecting the type of partition (like Fat32, NTFS etc are also important) is a mandatory step.

6) Now, as the SD card is formatted, the progress bar will fill up. The time to be taken depends entirely on the configuration of the Computer system and its power, and the size of the SD card to be formatted. Note that a corrupted card might not be formatted properly.

7) After the formatting is completed, click on the Finish or Close button to end the process. Now the card has been formatted.

Please note that the instructions of Right-Click and Left-Click are for a system operated in Windows only. For Linux, Mac OS, the basic instructions will be as per the respective operating system.

After formatting, insert the SD card into the Wii system, and get to the Main menu. Then go to the system menu with the help of the remote, and under the system menu tab, select Data Management. Under this tab, click on the second to load your SD card, which should be empty as formatting a card erases all the date from it. Just use the copy option to transfer a file from the Wii system to the SD card. After this, the proper formatting of the SD card for your Wii is completed.

5 Easy steps to Format Your Hard Drive

Windows XP is a popular operating system used by many people today, including office and home users. The fact that Windows XP has many applications that make work easier, has made it a must have for everyone. When you decide to format you computer’s hard drive, this is the product to think about. The process is simple and one can easily follow it.

Here are the guidelines:

1.Back- up creation: Before you even think about formatting the computer, make sure that you have saved all your files in a safe place. You need this back up in case your files are deleted. You have to also note down all programs that have to be installed. In case you are formatting the hard disc and installing Windows XP, then you have to go through the reinstallation procedures of these programs. You can save them in a flash disk or even a CD, which you do not intend to format. You should take your time and evaluate the functions that you need your machine to perform. You can save all the documents at random.

2.Beginning: The process is done through the provisions under ‘My Computer’. Right Click on My Computer. From the drop down menu you select ‘manage’. When a new window flips open (computer Management), you should pick ‘Storage’ on your left. This will lead you to the ‘Disk Management’ on your right.. Many people face problems when they wrongly left click on ’My Computer’. If you left click ‘My Computer’ icon, you get other options which are completely irrelevant.

3.Double click on Disk Management. Here you can see all hard drives and you can start deleting the unwanted partition in the disk that you want to format. That is why it is crucial to save everything before you begin the disk formatting process. You can spare what you do not want to format. To create a new partition, right click on the black colored bar and you get to see an option ‘New Partition’.

4. In the ‘New Partition’ go to ‘Primary Partition’ and follow the sequence. Pick the ‘maximum’ option and continue. The next step is the provision of letters to name the disk. Take the first option. In order to get to the other step, you will have to follow the process by clicking next. You should pick ‘NTFS’ for your format, which according to experts is the safest to use.

5. You should give the computer some time to process the formatting. Leave Windows in running mode . Once the formatting is complete, you will get an option ‘finish’. After you click on ‘finish’ the computer is now ready to use. Now you can reinstall Windows XP.

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