The hard drive of a computer that runs on the Windows XP operating system could be formatted using its own interface or by using the command prompt. As command prompt is an interface that is using command line, you cannot use a mouse and there will be no Windows. You must type the commands by entering the correct text. There are various procedures to follow when you do this.
How to go to Command Prompt
There are a couple of ways to access command prompt. One way is to use the Windows XP CD Rom, boot the computer and go to command prompt from there. Insert the CD in the CD Rom drive and select the command prompt, or you can select MS DOS interface. You will end up at the command prompt. Another way is to select the “Run” option and typing “cmd”. Then click on OK or press enter. This also will take you to command prompt.
Entering the command for Formatting
The command for formatting a hard disk is Format(C). C here stands for C drive. In case, you need to format another volume, you must enter the corresponding letter – D, E etc. What you have entered is the basic command. You can enter further details into the command line. These commands specify other actions to be performed in the process of formatting the disc. The command that specifies the file system to be used in formatting is “/fs: (file system)”. The file system could be any one of the three file systems used; FAT, FAT32 or NTFS. In case you need to format the C drive on the NTFS file system, the command you must enter is ‘Format C:/fs:ntfs’. If you need to go for quick formatting, you can give the ‘/q’ command. It is just a case of adding it to the command line and then the command will look like ‘FormatC:/fs:ntfs/q’. Remember to leave a space between each of the commands. If you miss this point, syntax errors will not let you proceed and the computer will not understand your commands.
Reinstallation of the Operating system
When you format a hard disc or any other storage device, all data in it will be erased and lost. So normally you format a hard disc only before you install the operating system or when you need to reinstall it, due to some reason. When you need to install the operating system, store all your data in the particular storage device before starting with it. You can store it in a removable drive such as a flash drive or writable CDs or DVDs. Now insert the Windows installer disc in the CD Rom drive and the auto run program will pop up. Follow instructions and you will end up with a fresh installation. Copy the backed up data and you are done.
Learning how to use the command prompt, how to format disc drives and how to install operating systems is important, as you need to carry out these tasks to maintain your system and to ensure optimum performance.