Ubuntu is an intuitive, freely available and secure operating system which can run on your desktops, laptops, netBook and servers. If you are new to Ubuntu here a step-by-step guidance is provided to install Ubuntu from CD or from a USB pen drive. Installation process takes care for creating hard disk partition for you. Here are steps discussed for Ubuntu installation.
How to install Ubuntu from CD disk.
To install Ubuntu on your desktop PC the necessary system requirements are 1 GHz x86 processor, 1 GB RAM, minimum 15GB hard disk, Graphic Card, monitor cable of 1024 X 768, CD/DVD drive or USB socket. To install on laptop or some other machines then requirement may vary depends upon the systems like Ubuntu Desktop (GUI) installation, Ubuntu Server installation, Lightweight GUI alternative, Ubuntu NetBook edition and LTSP Thin-Client computers.
Now, if you are planning to install Ubuntu on your existing system then first take back up of your data and applications to CD/DVD drive or USB pen drive.
Step1: To install Ubuntu Linux Operating System on your system first you need to restart the system.
Step2: Set your BIOS to boot from CD drive and once BIOS is configured again restart the PC. Now, it will automatically load Ubuntu CD from CD Drive within few minutes.
Step3: The welcome screen of Ubuntu will give you some options like:
Start or install Ubuntu
Start Ubuntu in safe graphics mode
Install with driver update CD
Check CD for defects
Boot from first hard disk
Step4: If you do not do anything till 30 seconds then welcome screen will start a timer on the left side. It will start a nice Ubuntu boot screen with a progress bar and when progress bar is full then you can find one icon on the desktop.
Step5: Double click that icon to start installation and follow all the on-screen instructions.
Step6: First step is to select the language, which will be used for the installer and also become default language for your Ubuntu Linux. Default is English.
Step7: After selecting the language click on “Forward” button and it will give you option to choose your city, country and time zone based on the region.
Step8: In the next step select the keyboard layout and on the click of “Forward” button it will give you an idea of hard disk partitioning with 2 options. Select the option “Guided – resize the partition and use the freed space”, if you want to keep your windows system.
Step 9: If you want to delete windows system then choose “Guided – use entire disk”. After this migration assistant screen will come which will allow you to import different items from your windows system, like Firefox bookmarks, wallpapers, Favorites of Internet explorer or any messenger contacts.
Step 10: If you do not have windows installation on your system, then you can see just simple text line showing that “There were no users or operating systems suitable for importing from”. So, go to next screen by clicking “Forward” button. It will ask you and in the screen you need to fill your login name and computer name and after this it will automatically starts installation of Ubuntu.
Step 11: Once it is done, it will ask you either “Restart Now” or “Continue Using the Live CD”. Generally restart option is suitable so once you restart your system you are ready to see and work with your new Ubuntu Linux Operating System.