TCP/IP the acronym for Transmission control protocol/Internet protocol. The protocol that is used for communication over the internet is TCP/IP. There are certain norms that computers must follow to communicate with each other over the Internet. TCP/IP defines them.

Though there are many different protocols, these two are different layers with different protocols, which are   popularly as TCP/IP. TCP is the top layer which is responsible to convert the files into data packets from the source destination and reassemble all these data packets back to the original source file at the destination computer. Internet protocol is the lower layer of TCP/IP. This layer is responsible for the data to reach its right destination. It deals with the transmission of the data.

Have Internet problems? It’s time to restore TCP/IP

Have you ever faced problems connecting to the internet? Have you tried all the methods but it still did not work? Then it is time to restore the TCP/IP. TCP/IP is a part of windows operating system. It cannot be deleted. But it can be reset by using netshell utility.

There are two  ways to restore TCP/IP. But to implement both the methods the user should be logged in as the system administrator.

In the first method you can automatically fix the problem without having to use commands. To fix the problem in this method you need to visit the support center of Microsoft’s website. Microsoft has a link in their support system wherein the users can click and follow the steps mentioned. TCP/IP will be automatically restored to its initial state.

The second method is to restore it manually by using commands. This is how it works. First click the Start Menu and click on Run. A command prompt opens up. In this command prompt type cmd and press the Enter key. This leads us to another command prompt. In this command prompt type the following netsh int ip reset c:\resetlog.txt and press Enter. After this is done you are required to reboot your computer.

What Actually Goes On?

When the reset command is run manually, two things happen. Put in simple words the first step is to remove this protocol and the second step is to reinstall the protocol. For this command to work successfully there must be a file named that has to be mentioned for the log where all the actions taken by netsh are recorded. When we run the reset command manually all the actions that were performed for it to restore TCP/IP will be recorded in this log file. In the above command the file resetlog.txt is a log file where all the actions will be recorded. But if a file exists with a similar name then the new data will be affixed at the end of this file.