Winsock2 corruption, can be experienced in networking computers and most of the times the users lack the knowledge to relate the issues and error messages to the problem when it occurs. So determining the exact problem as winsock2 corruption is a crucial step in resolving it.

Determine the problem as winsock2

Winsock2 corruption is a critical networking error that can be determined by unusual network connection behaviors and error messages flashed in different situations. For example if an attempt to release and renew the IP address using the Ipconfig commands produces error messages of

1.”An error occurred while renewing interface ‘Internet’: An operation was attempted on something that is not a socket”
or
2.”An error occurred while renewing interface Local Area Connection: the requested service provider could not be loaded or initialized”
possibly there is a Winsock2 corruption issue in the system. While the ipconfig / renew command produces the following error messages that reads…
1.”An error occurred while renewing interface local area connection: an operation was attempted on something that is not a socket. Unable to contact driver Error code 2″
2.”The operation failed since no adapter is in the state permissible for this operation”
3.”The attempted operation is not supported for the type of object referenced”

Other symptoms of the issue includes the common network failure error message that Internet Explorer gives
“The page cannot be displayed”
and the computer itself giving the error message of
“Initialization function INITHELPERDLL in IPMONTR.DLL failed to start with error code 10107”.

Another way of determining a windock2 corruption is by looking into the device manager to find the TCP/IP protocol driver being disabled and listed under Non-Plug and Play drivers that gives an error message of “Error 720: No PPP Control Protocols Configured”

The cause and the solution

What causes these issues are damaged or corrupted winsock2 registry keys. So the solution is to reset the keys back to the default values. But first the cause has to be confirmed as a problem with winsock keys. There are two Windows components that can help in this task.
1.Netdiag tool that comes with Windows support tool
2.Msinfo32 utility

The latter is useful if there is no Windows support installed in the system. A corrupted registry key can be determined by a failed Netdiag test or looking at the ‘protocol’ section heading of Msinfo32 display window.

The solution of course is to delete the corrupted registry key and restart the computer before a fresh installation of TCP/IP. Changing or deleting registry entries can cause unexpected system problems, so caution has to be taken when following registry related manual remedies for winsock2 corruptions.

Since winsock2 issue occurs with regard to network connections and components of the system, there is very little chance that further system problems are caused by this particular corruption. Nevertheless winsock2 corruption limits the use of networking components which is an important aspect of modern computing.