Steps to Setup Home Network:

There are various types of networks depending upon hardware and software. It is very difficult to choose one as each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Hardware Required:

Hardware plays vital role in the formation of network as speed is dependent on it. Different type of hardware used in network is listed below. It is not the case that each and every part is essential in each type of network but user must choose it according to requirements.

1. Network adapters, hubs and switches:

Network adapters are responsible for the connection between computers and can be plugged into USB or Ethernet port of computer. In some computers it might be installed in expansion slot internally. Switch and hubs are used for connecting computers with each other. Though switch costs more that hub it provides faster speed in comparison.

2. Routers and access points:

Routers are backbone of any network. They are responsible for connection between computer and connection of different networks. Router is not necessary in wired connection but required when you want to use internet. Wireless connection demands router. Computers connect network through access points.

3. Modems:

Modem is required for internet connection through cable or telephone line. Modem is used for information transfer. If you are using cable internet, your ISP will provide you with such type of modem.

4. Network Cables:

These are not required in Wireless network which is obvious as these are used to connect computers or various compatible devices to the network.

Network Technologies:

These types are more commonly known as Network Technologies. You can chose technology depending upon the location of your computers and speed you are specific about over the network. It is very easy to setup network when you are equipped with correct firmware. There are four major types which are described one by one.

1. Wireless:

Computers in this type of network communicate with each other with the help of radio waves. There are four wireless standards which are very popular now days and are categorized mainly on the basis of speed. All the speed limits listed below can vary as per hardware used.

  1. 802.11b: Data transfer can be carried out at the maximum speed of 11 Mbps.
  2. 802.11g: Data transfer can be carried out at the maximum speed of 45 Mbps.
  3. 802.11a: It also transfers data at the maximum speed of 45 Mbps.
  4. 802.11n: This technology is growing rapidly in market and can transfer data in the range of 150 Mbps-600 Mbps depending upon the hardware used.

Advantages of using Wireless connection are mobility they offer. You can move your notebook due to absence of cables and is easy to install. Though the speed ranges given above are attractive, in real conditions wireless networks offer speed half of the listed due to obstacles like walls, large metal bodies etc.

It requires Network adapter for each system in network and one access point.

2. Ethernet:

It is a type of wired network which can transfer data at the varying speed from 10 Mbps to 1000 Mbps depending upon the types of cables used. Type of Ethernet, known as Gigabit Ethernet, can transfer data at the speed of 1Gbps under ideal conditions. An advantage of using Ethernet is the speed they provide at the low cost of hardware. It, still, becomes headache as cable has to be run between each

computer in the network.

It also require Ethernet adapter for each computer. One hub is sufficient if it is able to accommodate all the computers on network. If you want to connect to internet then Ethernet router is essential.

3. HomePNA:

This technology uses home telephone ports and wires for communication. HomePNA 2.0 can transfer at the speed of 10 Mbps where as this limit is 128 Mbps for HomePNA 3.0. As this system uses existing telephone ports, installation of hubs and routers is not necessary but telephone port must be available in each room where computer is located.

It requires PNA network adapter, router each one. It also demands one cable for each computer.

4. Powerline:

It uses electric wiring in the house to transfer data at the incredible speed of 200 Mbps under ideal conditions. In case also hubs are not required but electrical outlet is necessary in each room where computer is kept. Noise can affect data transfer in Powerline Network.
It also requires one adapter and if you wish to connect to internet then router is essential.