For windows users setting up any software on their machines normally appear to be a very simple job. All you have to do is to select the directory and then keep on clicking next till you reach the last window that says finish. But with Microsoft exchange, things get a little tricky as there many points that must be kept in mind or else the software won’t work properly.
Important Points for setting up Microsoft Exchange Server:
1. Active Directory
Exchange Server works on the concept of Active Directory. It essentially means that once it has been activated in a network then the sharing process is done by using a centralized machine rather than in a work group. Now this active directory is stored on a server known as domain controller. Although only one is required but it is preferable to half two because these machines need constant reboot hence if their number will be double then they will be able to cater to the clients better.
2. Catalog Server (Global)
The first domain controller becomes the global catalog server as a result when in function, it can replicate itself multiple times so as to provide efficient usage.
The setting up of mail boxes and internet browsing is accomplished using DNS protocols. It simply means that when you request for a page over the net. Your DNS server connects to the locations directory and then fetches back the address. Microsoft uses DNS with Active Directory so that you don’t have to depend on ISP servers. The ideal way to set this up is by giving the highest priority to the client DNS list, then to the domain controller and then to ISP DNS. The last configuration is necessary as it acts as a back up in the event of system failure.
4. IP Addressing
Bu default every internet enabled system comes with a public IP address that is provided by the respective internet providers. But it is recommended to have an internal address for the organization itself. As it helps in rerouting of data faster and safer than public IP addresses.
It is very important to provide names to the servers as it establishes its unique identity. Most people give general names to their servers thinking that they might be able to protect their servers from the hackers and potential viruses, however that does not makes any difference as both of them look for ports rather than names.
6. Hard Ware
The essential requirement to load Exchange is 512 RAM although 1 GB is recommended. Any CPU where the prime objective is to run Exchange Server then it should work fine on it. The software requires a 32 GB dedicated partition in the hard drive.
Although the process itself is not very complicated and if you follow the guidelines properly then the installation will be a breeze.